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Shortly after Ghislaine Maxwell arrived in New York from England in the early 1990s, she was looking for a new start. She had just lost her father, a British media mogul, along with much of her family fortune and her social standing.

Soon she was on the rise with the help of her new boyfriend, Jeffrey Epstein, a rich financier. It was the beginning of a mutually beneficial relationship. With Mr. Epstein, Ms. Maxwell was able to resurrect the lifestyle she coveted.

She flew on his private jet, she settled into his mansions in New York and Florida and she eventually landed her own five-story townhouse in Manhattan. For Mr. Epstein, who had grown up in Coney Island and was a college dropout, the gregarious Ms. Maxwell provided new social pathways. Her friends in high places included Britain’s Prince Andrew, who became a frequent guest in Mr. Epstein’s homes.

[Update: Trump and Jeffrey Epstein party and comment on women in 1992 video.]

Now, with Mr. Epstein under federal indictment on charges of sexually trafficking and abusing girls, there are mounting questions about what else happened in his close relationship with Ms. Maxwell.

He has pleaded not guilty, and she has denied any wrongdoing and has not been criminally charged. But in recent years, Ms. Maxwell has struck confidential settlements in civil court with two women who say she participated in Mr. Epstein’s sexual exploitation of them. Thousands of sealed records from one of those cases are expected to be released in coming weeks, potentially revealing more about Mr. Epstein’s alleged predation and what Ms. Maxwell may have known about it.

What is clear is that their partnership was deep and entangled, and continued even after their romance ended. Over more than a decade, Ms. Maxwell, now 57, helped manage Mr. Epstein’s homes, facilitate his social relationships and recruit masseuses to help satisfy his seemingly insatiable appetite for massages, according to his former employees. Some of Mr. Epstein’s accusers allege that in their experiences the massages were just a pretext for sexual abuse by Mr. Epstein, according to court records.

One former employee of Mr. Epstein’s mansion in Palm Beach, Fla., referred to her as the “lady of the house.” Euan Rellie, an investment banker who attended dinner parties that she and Mr. Epstein hosted in New York, said she “seemed to be half ex-girlfriend, half employee, half best friend, and fixer.”


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One of Mr. Epstein’s accusers, in court papers, used another word: madam.

After Mr. Epstein pleaded guilty in 2008 to Florida state charges of soliciting prostitution and served 13 months in the Palm Beach County jail, Ms. Maxwell moved on, cultivating other high-profile associations and seeming largely unscathed by her long ties to Mr. Epstein. She took up environmental causes and founded a nonprofit intended to save the oceans. She gave a talk at a TED event. And she continued to work the social circuit: attending Chelsea Clinton’s wedding, being photographed with Arianna Huffington and Martha Stewart, smiling next to Elon Musk at Vanity Fair’s Oscar party.

But there were also signs of trouble. In 2015, a lawsuit accusing Ms. Maxwell of complicity in Mr. Epstein’s abuses drew news media attention. In 2016, the Upper East Side townhouse where she had resided was sold and she disappeared from New York’s party circuit. The next year, her lawyers claimed she was in London but said they did not know her address, angering a judge overseeing another lawsuit against her. Last weekend — just a week after the new charges brought by New York federal prosecutors against Mr. Epstein became public — Ms. Maxwell’s nonprofit, the TerraMar Project, shut down. The website posted a message saying it was “sad to announce that it will cease all operations.”

An old friend, Christopher Mason, drew a connection between the scandals that Ms. Maxwell has been caught up in — the first involving her father, whose life ended in disgrace, and the second that of Mr. Epstein, the most defining male figure in her adult life.

“Her father was a swashbuckling rogue,” Mr. Mason said in an interview. “Jeffrey had a less social persona, but he was in his way swashbuckling, too.”

She grew up in a 53-room mansion in Buckinghamshire, where childhood activities included sailing on a family yacht named the Lady Ghislaine and rubbing shoulders with aristocrats and royals. Her father, Robert Maxwell, was a Czech-born World War II hero who founded Pergamon Press, an extremely successful publishing house for science and medical books. After that, he bought British tabloids, including The Mirror, as well as a stake in MTV Europe and the American publishing giant Macmillan.

Ms. Maxwell was the youngest of his nine children and, if the name of his yacht is any indication, a favorite. She attended Oxford and moved to New York in 1991, around the time her father bought The Daily News.

But later that year, her father tumbled off his boat and died in the midst of mounting debt, and it was shortly revealed that he had pillaged his employees’ pensions. With much of her family’s publishing empire gone, Ms. Maxwell moved into a modest Upper East Side apartment.


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But once she and Mr. Epstein were dating, she was back in the type of grand residences she desired.

Juan Alessi, who helped manage Mr. Epstein’s Palm Beach mansion for a decade, described Ms. Maxwell as essentially his supervisor, according to a deposition in a civil case brought by some of Mr. Epstein’s accusers. “She would tell me, I am going to take care of the house,” he recalled.

Once Ms. Maxwell began spending a lot of time at the Florida house in the late 1990s, the visitors began coming. Young women, from the Palm Beach area and Europe. Celebrities, such as David Copperfield and Donald J. Trump. A new guest corridor of the house was constructed; Prince Andrew was among the regulars, Mr. Alessi said.

Mr. Rellie said he found Mr. Epstein elusive to the point of imperiousness. At a party the financier and Ms. Maxwell hosted in New York during the late 1990s, Mr. Epstein did not appear until all the guests had taken their seats.

The real draw was Ms. Maxwell, the “charming, likable front person,” said Mr. Rellie. “A big part of the reason people talked to him was because of Ghislaine.”

Mr. Mason, a journalist and an author who writes about the rich, described her as “saucy” — she talked openly about sex — “fantastically entertaining” and funny, but also vulnerable. She was striking, with short black hair, dangly earrings, and fitted trousers or dresses and stiletto heels.


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A registered sex offender known for his lavish lifestyle and high-profile connections, Mr. Epstein faced charges of exploiting dozens of girls for sex acts.CreditCreditUma Sanghvi/Palm Beach Post, via Associated Press

In 1994, Ms. Maxwell selected Mr. Mason to perform a ribald song at Mr. Epstein’s birthday party that referred to the couple’s sexual relationship.

Mr. Rellie knew that Ms. Maxwell, whose lawyers did not respond to requests for comment, came from a family that had been engulfed in scandal, but said that it gave her a kind of frisson. “That was part of the mystique,” he said. “New York people enjoy salacious stories. Having somebody who has a colorful past, including a dad who was controversial, made her interesting.”


CreditTina Fineberg for The New York Times

In 2000, she moved into a 7,000-square-foot townhouse at 116 East 65th Street — less than 10 blocks from Mr. Epstein’s mansion — that was purchased for $4.95 million by an anonymous limited liability company, with an address that matches the office of J. Epstein & Co. Representing the buyer was Darren Indyke, Mr. Epstein’s longtime lawyer. Ms. Maxwell began entertaining Park Avenue types who noted its Downton Abbey meets Art Deco vibe, with brightly colored rooms and mirrored surfaces. (“A mix of heavy and heavy,” as one society friend put it.)

In a 2003 Vanity Fair article, Mr. Epstein described Ms. Maxwell as his “best friend.” He said that she was not on his payroll, though the story noted that she seemed to organize much of his life.

An advertisement that appeared in Yoga Journal 10 years earlier sought a yoga instructor for “a private individual” with “fantastic perks such as extensive travel.” The number listed was for Mr. Epstein’s office. Interested parties were to call “Miss Maxwell.”

She continued to reside at least part-time in Mr. Epstein’s homes in New York and Florida. “Ms. Maxwell was like the lady of the house,” said Alfredo Rodriguez, who worked in the Palm Beach mansion in 2005, explaining that household expenses were paid out of a bank account in Ms. Maxwell’s name, according to a deposition in a court case.

Mr. Epstein sought a steady stream of beautiful young women, including models, who were expected to look attractive as they hung out at his homes or rode on his private jet.

The houses had massage tables in multiple rooms and masseuses to serve Mr. Epstein, Ms. Maxwell and guests who stayed there. Mr. Alessi counted upward of 200 people coming to the Palm Beach home to provide massages over the course of several years, and said Mr. Epstein would request as many as three masseuses a day.

Ms. Maxwell helped with the recruiting, according to former employees.


“I remember one occasion or two occasions she would say to me, ‘Juan, give me a list of all the spas in Palm Beach County,’” Mr. Alessi said. “And I will drive her from one to the other one.”

During some massage sessions, Mr. Epstein also engaged in sexual exploitation and abuse of girls, according to criminal charges and numerous civil cases that have been filed against him. Two accusers have said Ms. Maxwell participated in the abuse.

In a 2009 lawsuit against Mr. Epstein, Virginia Giuffre alleged that Mr. Epstein and Ms. Maxwell sexually abused her starting when she was 16. She said she had been working as a changing room assistant at the Mar-a-Lago Club when Ms. Maxwell invited her to Mr. Epstein’s home with promises that she could learn massage therapy and earn a lot of money. Once there, she said, Ms. Maxwell helped Mr. Epstein force her into sexual activity with him, and then paid her $200 that day. She said it was the beginning of an arrangement that lasted several years. She also claimed that Ms. Maxwell took sexually explicit photos of her. Ms. Maxwell denied the claims.


CreditEmily Michot/Miami Herald, via TNS, via Getty Images

In an affidavit in a separate civil case, Maria Farmer has alleged that Mr. Epstein and Ms. Maxwell sexually assaulted her in 1996 when she was a graduate student and that they also flew her 15-year-old sister to his ranch in New Mexico, ordered her to take off her clothes and improperly touched her.

Another woman, Sarah Ransome, also submitted an affidavit in that case, saying that when she was 22, she accepted invitations from Mr. Epstein to the United States Virgin Islands, where she had “sexual relations” with him and other guests, according to court records. She said Ms. Maxwell had recruited others for Mr. Epstein, some of them young teenagers, and said “she appeared to be in charge of their activities, including what they did, who they did it with and how they were supposed to stay in line.” Ms. Maxwell and Mr. Epstein have not publicly responded to Ms. Farmer’s or Ms. Ransome’s claims.

In another lawsuit, Ms. Ransome alleged that Mr. Epstein, Ms. Maxwell and three other associates engaged in a sex trafficking venture that targeted young women. They denied the allegations, and the case resulted in a confidential settlement.

After Mr. Epstein returned from jail, his public appearances with Ms. Maxwell came to an end, said Peggy Siegal, a prominent professional hostess, who included Mr. Epstein in movie screenings and other social events.

“She was no longer in the picture,” Ms. Siegal said. But Ms. Maxwell was still very visible on the social circuit. She popped up at benefits for Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and book parties for Ms. Huffington. “I didn’t get the sense she was being shunned,” said the author Jay McInerney.

When Ms. Maxwell received a subpoena in the 2009 lawsuit filed by Ms. Giuffre, she was leaving a session of the Clinton Global Initiative at the Sheraton Hotel, prompting coverage in The New York Post. The next year she attended Chelsea Clinton’s wedding, apparently still in the good graces of Bill Clinton, with whom she had socialized and sometimes traveled on Mr. Epstein’s private plane.


CreditKevin Mazur/VF14, via WireImage

But Ms. Maxwell disappeared from the social scene after 2015, the year that Ms. Giuffre filed the defamation suit against her.

By 2016, Ms. Maxwell was no longer being photographed at events. That April, the New York townhome where she had lived was sold for $15 million. By 2017, her lawyers were saying that she was in London but that they did not believe she had a permanent residence.

Mr. Rellie was not surprised she was no longer mingling in New York amid the rich and connected. “I think I’ll be seeing less of her in the future,” he said.


An earlier version of this article misidentified the university Euan Rellie attended. He studied at Cambridge, not Oxford.

Reporting was contributed by Mike McIntire, Sarah Maslin Nir, Katie Rosman and Jodi Kantor.

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